Thursday, 27 February 2020 14:10

2020 Census: Accurate count could add up to big money

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Houston could lose billions in federal funding if the local population is undercounted.

Imagine walking away from tens of thousands of dollars that could be used for infrastructure, housing, disaster recovery, health care and child nutrition. That’s what happens every time each Houstonian fails to respond to the census. 

A new decade brings another census, which aims to count every person living in the United States and five U.S. territories. By taking about 10 minutes to answer a short questionnaire, residents can help secure funding for local programs for the next decade. But if the Houston population is undercounted, billions of dollars could be at stake.

Data collected by the census determines political representation and population grants that fund programs like Medicare, Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program, school lunch programs, housing, disaster recovery and road improvements. The government also relies on population data to determine the number of representatives from each district. For every person who is not listed on the census, Houston loses $1,000 per year. That’s a loss of $10,000 per person over the census period, according to the city’s Planning and Development Department.  

“Getting a complete count on the census is critically important to Houston’s future,” said Planning and Development Department Director Margaret Wallace Brown. “Answering the census is the most important civic duty a Houstonian has in 2020, at least until the November election. We have to convince people that it is in all of our collective best interests to get an accurate count.  

“It’s our job to minimize an undercount as much as possible. Houston was undercounted in the 2010 census, and if we get as small as a 1% undercount this year, we could lose $250 million per year over 10-year period for programs on which Houston residents rely,” Wallace Brown said. 

In 2010, 76% of Houston households self-responded to the census, falling below the 79% national average.  For the 2020 census, 75% of Houston households are expected to self-respond, compared to the 81% projected national self-response rate, Planning and Development Department data indicates.  

Residents will receive postcards from the United States Census Bureau with instructions about how to take the census in early March, but long before census representatives start knocking on doors, the city’s Planning and Development Department, Harris County and Houston IN Action started spreading the word, encouraging Houstonians to say Yes! to Census 2020.  

Houston's Yes! to Census 2020 local campaign addresses common concerns and assures Houstonians that responding to the census is quick, easy and safe. It’s a critical message that requires all hands on deck, so multiple city departments are joining in the effort.

For example: 

  • Mayor Sylvester Turner began promoting the Yes! to Census 2020 campaign last year through press conferences, community events, videos and social media.
  • HTV produced a new half-hour program about the census. 
  • City council members are recording public service announcements and organizing district canvassing events.
  • The Houston Public Library will send its mobile library into the community, providing free computers for people to complete the census online. Branch libraries will display Yes! to Census 2020 screensavers on desktop computers.
  • The Department of Neighborhoods will coordinate block-walking efforts and will distribute census materials at capital improvement project and civic club meetings.  
  • The Houston Health Department is providing census resources and reminders at multi-service centers and clinics. 
  • The Parks and Recreation Department will make census materials available at community centers.  
  • Solid Waste Management will place magnetic signs on garbage and recycling trucks. 
  • Human Resources will use broadcast emails to educate and encourage employees to share accurate information about the census with family, friends and neighbors.

So why the big push? If the Census Bureau employs people to conduct the census, why are the City of Houston, Harris County and other organizations involved in promoting this federal program? Because nobody knows Houston better, says Sasha Marshall Smith, a planner with the Planning and Development Department who serves as one of the project leaders for the city’s census efforts.  

“We know our communities. We understand our city’s diversity, our specific challenges and concerns, and we can address those issues directly,” Marshall Smith said. 

“When certain populations or neighborhoods are reluctant to respond to the census, we can lay the groundwork to put those fears to rest. Even if you don’t think federal program funding applies to you, it’s beneficial to someone you know.”  

The Complete Count Committee hired Lopez Negrete Communications to create a comprehensive campaign, starting with focus groups of traditionally undercounted populations to determine better ways to reach those communities and how to alleviate their apprehensions.

The populations that are traditionally undercounted include:

  • children 5 years old and younger
  • adults 18-24 years old
  • renters
  • persons living in poverty
  • persons experiencing homelessness or inconsistent housing situations
  • people of color
  • people with limited English proficiency
  • persons with disabilities

“We want every Houston household – regardless of age, income, ethnicity, immigration status or English language proficiency – to feel confident and comfortable with answering all nine census questions. It is available in more than 13 languages, and you can take it online, on the phone or by mail,” Marshall Smith said. “There is no citizenship question. Your answers cannot be used to track you, deport or discriminate against you. By law, your responses cannot be shared with any other governmental agency including the Department of Homeland Security, ICE or the White House.” 

What can you do to help? 

“As city employees, how many times have your families, friends and neighbors asked you questions about what’s going on in the city?” Marshall Smith said. “Employees need to be informed about the census so they can serve as trusted voices in the community and reassure people in their network the census is safe.” 

Visit for downloadable census materials or email Sasha Marshall Smith at


10 Things to Know about the 2020 Census:

  • It happens every 10 years 
  • It takes only 5-10 minutes to fill out depending on the size of your household. 
  • The census can be filled out in 13 common languages by phone or online at, which has guides available for 54 more languages. 
  • You can take the census for you and your household if you are at least 15 years of age. 
  • The census is used to determine how much funding and representations should be distributed to communities. 
  • The census funds important programs like Medicaid, Medicare and SNAP. 
  • Census dollars support disaster recovery, road improvements, school lunches and more. 
  • The census can be filled out online, by phone or by mail. 
  • After the 2010 census, we missed out on over $10,000 per person not listed on the census. Everyone should fill out Census 2020 so we don’t lose millions of dollars in the next 10 years. 
  • Your responses cannot be shared with anyone. In fact, they’re even protected by law from other branches of government.

Important Dates:  

  • March 12 - 20: Households will begin receiving official Census Bureau mail with detailed information on how to respond to the census online, by phone, or by mail.   
  • April 1: Census Day is observed nationwide.  When you respond to the census, you'll tell the Census Bureau where you live as of April 1, 2020. 
  • May - July: Census takers will begin visiting homes that haven't responded to the 2020 census. 
  • July 31: Deadline to respond to the census

Avoiding fraud and scams:  

The Census Bureau will never ask for: 

  • Your Social Security Number 
  • Your bank account or credit card numbers 
  • Citizenship status 
  • Money or donations. 

If someone visits your home: 

  • First, check to make sure that they have a valid ID badge, with their photograph, a U.S. Department of Commerce watermark, and an expiration date. 
  • If you still have questions about their identity, you can call 800-923-8282 to speak with a local Census Bureau representative 
  • If you suspect fraud, call 800-923-8282 to speak with a local Census Bureau representative. If it is determined that the visitor who came to your door does not work for the Census Bureau, contact your local police department. 

How you can help: 

  • Become a trusted voice: Tell your friends and family the census is easy, safe and important 
  • Engage your social circle, civic group or faith-based organization 
  • Host or volunteer at a block-walking canvassing event 
  • Display a yard sign, poster or door hanger at your home or business 
  • Share information on social media 

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